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          背誦為王第四冊第54課 The Press in the US

          Source: 恒星英語學習網  Onion  2009-05-30  我要投稿   論壇   Favorite  
          Lesson54 The Press in the US
          The press in the United States produces a wide variety of printed media, possible more than in any other country. There is a publication for almost every subject, from national news to more specialized subjects like industries, sports and even hobbies. Some of the most important publications are the national newspapers because of their broad coverage and wide circulation. The press's role in circulating daily news is very important to the everyday lives of the people, but it plays another, perhaps more important role as well. As in many other democratic countries, the press is the watchdog of the American political process.
          The most important publications are the daily newspapers, a few of which have very high status. The most prominent among these is probably the Washington Post. Because the Post is published out of Washington, D.C., the nation's capital, it probably has the very best coverage of the national-level political scene.
          On the business side, the most important publication is probably the Wall Street Journal, published in New York, America's business capital. The Journal, with its very strong business orientation, is a very conservative paper but it is careful not to take side politically.
          But there are many other publications with very strong political orientations. Two examples of this are the two most widely circulated news weeklies, Newsweek and Time. Although these are both weekly news magazines reporting on a wide range of subjects, political, cultural and business, they are on opposite political sides. Time is a more liberal publication, generally supporting the Democratic Party, while Newsweek is conservatively oriented, supporting the Republicans.

          prominent 顯著的, 突出的

          美國的新聞
          在美國的新聞界,印刷媒體的種類眾繁多,可能超過其他任何國家。從全國性的新聞到更專業化的領域,像工業、體育、甚至業余愛好,幾乎每一個領域都有出版物。全國性的報紙屬于最重要的出版物,因為其覆蓋面廣、發行量大。新聞界傳播每天新聞,這對人們的日常生活非常重要,但是它還有一個更重要的作用。就像在其他民主國家一樣,美國新聞界是國內政治活動的監督者。
          最重要的出版物是日報,有些具有很高的地位。《華盛頓郵報》可能是最著名的日報了。因為《華盛頓郵報》在美國的首都華盛頓特區出版,它能夠很好地報道國家的政治動態。
          在商業方面,最重要的出版物是《華爾街日報》。華爾街日報出版于美國的經濟首都紐約,該報具有很強的商業傾向,是一份很保守的報紙,它很小心在政治上不偏向于任何一方。
          但是很多其他的出版物都帶有強烈的政治傾向。兩份發行量最大的新聞周刊,《新聞周刊》和《時代周刊》就是這方面很好的例子。雖然兩者都是每周出版的新聞雜志,都廣泛報道政治、文化、商業等各方面的內容,它們有著相反的政治立場。《時代周刊》傾向于自由主義,一般支持民主黨;而《新聞周刊》政治上保守,支持共和黨。
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